Madison is located near the northern border of the state of Alabama and a city in Madison County. The city’s limits have extended going west to the neighboring Limestone County and have bordered by the city of Huntsville on all its sides. The area was originally occupied by the Muskogean-speaking people Koasati, also known as Coushatta. The area was originally called Madison Station and was then developed in the 1850s to become Memphis and Charleston Railroad’s stop. In the late 19th century, textile mills for cotton-processing were built in the area. Madison has been a scene for some of the battles in the American Civil War. It was also during that period when the Union supplies were burned and the railroad tracks surrounding the city were torn.
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