Prescott is located in the west-central part of the state of Arizona and a city and a seat of Yavapai County. It sits along the pin-dotted mountains along the mile-high basin in a region that is rich in minerals. The first settlers brought gold mining to the site, and after which the farmers and cattlemen then followed after. When the town was founded, Fort Whipple was built, and it was Richard McCormick, the secretary of the Arizona territory, who urged that the site be named after the famous historian William H. Prescott, whose books talked about his conquest in Mexico and Peru, which McCormick greatly admired. The town became the territorial capital of Arizona until 1889 when the capital was moved to Tucson. Mining and cattle farming was the primary economic activity among its neighboring countryside, while the city mainly focused on the trading center.
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