Located in the northwestern part of the state of Arkansas and a city and seat in Washington County, Fayetteville sits on the White River in the Ozarks that is adjacent to Springdale in the north. There was no settlement that was recorded to have existed in the area. The community where the present-day Fayetteville stands were first named as Washington Court and was renamed Fayetteville in 1829. Fayetteville suffered severely during the period of the American Civil War, and the battles of Pea Ridge and the Battle of Fayetteville was when the town was occupied by members of the Union war up until the end of the war. At present, the city is a thriving agricultural and resort area, with a farm-based industry as the main economic activity, the city’s industries also included aluminum products, food processing, tools, and clothing, which were all important activities as well.
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