Located in Alameda County and on the east shore of San Francisco Bay, the city was named after the Irish bishop and philosopher George Berkeley. The city borders the cities of Emeryville and Oakland in the south and on the north by Albany and the unincorporated municipality of Kensington. Berkeley was initially part of Rancho San Antonio and was then settled as Ocean View in 1853, and was later selected as the campus site by the College of California, and became the University of California in 1868. Berkeley's population started to boom after numerous people fled to San Francisco after the devastating earthquake of 1906. When the bay was bridged, it facilitated commuting, which has also contributed to the growth of the city. The 60s and 70s hippie culture flourished and adapted by the city, which has continued to influence most of the daily life in Berkeley.
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