Located in the north-central part of California and the seat of Solano County, Fairfield is bordered on the south by Suisun City and on the northeast by San Francisco. The city lay in the middle of the Coast Ranges foothills and by the Suisun Bay, where it was inhabited by the Suisun Indians and was attacked by the Spaniards in 1810. By the 1830s, the Mexican governor gave a land grant to the local Indians known as the Suisun Rancho. Fairfield's development started during World War II when the Travis Air Force Base was installed by the US Air Force in the city. It was then followed by the creation of the Monticello Dam, which served as the irrigation of thousands of acres and was able to boost the traditional crop production as well as livestock raising. Wineries, beer production, and the manufacturers of explosives, small boats, and textiles gave the city's economy a boost.
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