Located in the southern part of the state of California and a city in Riverside County, Indio sits in the Coachella Valley and is in between Palm Springs in the northwest and the Salton Sea in the southeast. The area where the city presently sits was inhabited by the Cahuilla Indians and became the site of the Mexican and Spanish exploration. Founded in 1876 as Indian Wells by the Southern Pacific Railroad, it was later named Indio. The local artesian wells were then utilized for irrigation. The city was able to develop a desert spa and also became a shipping point for the agricultural produce, mainly on citrus, dates, vegetables, grapes, and cotton. The All-American Canal gave Indio an added impetus to its economic growth as other economic industries that were developed like tourism, light manufacturing, and retirement communities in the nearby area supplemented the agricultural economy.
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