Petaluma is located in the western part of the state of California and a city in Sonoma County, and it sits on the Petaluma River's head of navigation and in the northern part of San Francisco. The area where the present-day Petaluma stands is a part of Rancho Petaluma that was then granted in 1834 to the Mexican General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo. The name of the city was derived from the Miwok Indian words pe' ta meaning "flat" and luma meaning "back in 1852. After the California Gold Rush, Petaluma became an essential source for food for the cities of Oakland and San Francisco. The community's primary commercial activities were in poultry and egg industry, dairying, and as well in winemaking, which was then supplemented by light manufactures.
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