Located in Contra Costa County in the western part of the state of California, Richmond lies on San Francisco Bay's northeastern shore and is connected to Marin County through the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge, which is on the northeast part of San Francisco. When Point Richmond became the western terminal of the Santa Fe Railway, the ferry service was then established in San Francisco. Richmond was home to a considerable winery in the 1900s but was then forced to close down during Prohibition. With the cities deepwater harbor facilities, it was developed as an oil-refining center, and the naval construction of 750 warships during World War II at the Kaiser shipyards significantly impacted and stimulated the city's growth. The city's economy has been well diversified with the manufactures in petroleum, biotechnology, auto parts, and aerospace components being developed.
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