Located in the western part of California and San Mateo County, San Mateo is situated in San Francisco Bay's western shore and south of San Francisco city. With the town being sheltered by hills from ocean wind and fog, San Mateo enjoys a maritime climate to enjoy. The town was first inhabited by the Ohlone Indians, and a Spanish exploring party named the creek after St. Matthew. When the ranchos that were established by the Spanish were sold, an American village grew and flourished by surrounded farms. The locals amassed fortunes during the gold rush and bought the farms where they established estates and later subdivided into houses for the growing number of commuters. During the decline of the passengers to San Francisco in the 1920s because of the establishment of San Mateo's job base that is primarily based in retail commerce and light industry.
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