Located in the central part of the state of Illinois and a city and seat of MaconCounty, Decatur sits in the Sangamon River’s bend and is about halfway between Springfield and Champaign. The first settlers of the town were in 1820 and it was then named after the local hero Stephen Decatur. Abraham Lincoln migrated with his family from Indiana and had lived nearby for a year. The city’s economy was mainly based on agriculture, however, it grew as an industrial center upon the arrival of the railroad in 1854. The city became a center for soybean production and a plant was eventually opened in the city in 1922. And with the establishment of the plants, Decatur came to be known as the “Soybean Capital of the World.”

Population 74,710  (-8.70%)

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