Des Plaines is located in the northeastern part of the state of Illinois and a city in Cook County, it is a suburb of the city of Chicago and sits along the Des Plaines River, that is in the northwestern part of the downtown. The area where the present-day Des Plaines stands was inhabited originally by the Potawatomi, Ottawa, and the Ojibwa Native Americans. Socrates Rand first settled it from Massachusetts in 1835 to whom the area was named after in 1857. It was then renamed for the river during the 1860s. The German immigrants arrived in the 1840s and had left an imprint of their presence in the city ever since. The community was laid out when the railroad arrived and connected the city with Chicago in the 1850s. The city's local economy was primarily based on agriculture and the gristmill. It became mostly residential in the 1950s upon the development of the O'Hare Airport in the southern state.
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