Located northeast of St. Louis, Missouri, and southwest of Chicago, Springfield is in the central part of Illinois and the seat of Sangamon county. Springfield lies along the valley and the and near the Sangamon River. The city's economy started to grow during the mid-19th century when the railroad began to arrive in the town. When it came to an agricultural center in the region, it came to be known as mining for coal at the start of the 20the century. Springfield was then a wholesale and retail center for an area that is cultivated for farming and has subsequently started to produce soybeans, corn, and livestock and was later the birth and the site of the Illinois State Fair, which has been held annually since 1853. At present, the city's principal manufacturing industry has entered and included agricultural equipment, electric meters, and equipment, chemicals, and various materials for building construction.
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