Saginaw is located in the eastern-central part of the state of Michigan and a city and seat of Saginaw County and sits on the head of navigation on the Saginaw River that leads to Saginaw Bay in Lake Huron, and that is in the northwestern part of Detroit. A fur-trading post was established in 1816, and the name Saginaw was taken after an Ojibwa Indian word that means "land of the Sauks." The area was then called East Saginaw, and in 1873 was consolidated with South Saginaw, and in 1889 the present-day Saginaw City was established. Saginaw was a former center for lumbering who shifted to agriculture and eventually diversified its economy with manufacturing. The city has significant deposits of salt, coal, and petroleum that are found nearby, and that sugar beets and beans are being produced in the Saginaw Valley.
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