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Located in the northwestern part of the state of Missouri and a city and seat in BuchananCounty, St. Joseph sits on the Missouri River that is just about 28 miles north of Kansas City. A trading post was established in the area in 1826. The area was first inhabited by Native Americans and the land was purchased after the arrival of the first settlers. During the California Gold Rush, the town boomed and resulted in the influx of people, as well as the town becoming steamboat base and as a depot for the westward-bound wagon trains. Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad’s terminus in the west became the terminus of the Pony Express in the east. During the early years of the American Civil War, St. Joseph became a point for the guerilla operations and has been frequented by the outlaws. The city was also the site where Jesse James was killed.