Great Falls is located in the western-central part of the state of Montana and a city and seat of Cascade County and sits along the Missouri River, which is nearby the falls where it was named after. The explorers Merriwether Lewis and William Clark's expedition in 1805 observed the falls as wells as the nearby Giant Springs, which is one of the world's largest freshwater springs. The area where the present-day Great Falls stands was settled in 1883, and the community was then sustained upon the arrival of the Manitoba Railway in 1887. The city has become the state's second-largest city as a financial, manufacturing, distributing, and agricultural center. The city also has facilities that process copper, aluminum, and zinc, and flour is milled. Great Falls also has a considerable number of the tourist trade, which includes the Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Interpretive Center at Giant Springs and the C.M. Russell Museum, which are the city's popular attractions.
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