Schenectady is located in the east-central part of the state of New York and a city and seat of Schenectady County that sits along the Mohawk River and the New York State Canal System. The area was founded in 1662 as a Dutch settlement and took its name after the Schaunactada, a nearby Mohawk Village, which means "over" or "across the pine plains." The village was then destroyed during the Schenectady Massacre by the French and Indians. The influx of English settlers started to arrive in the 1700s, and the site was later developed as the terminus of the Albany, Hudson, and Mohawk portage. The prosperous activity began to decline after the Erie Canal was opened in 1825. The city's economy was revived and stimulated after the arrival of the Mohawk and Hudson Railroad in 1831 and in 1848 with the establishment of the locomotive works.
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