Springfield city, located at west-central Ohio, U.S. The original settlement by James Demint and migrant Kentuckians in 1799 were on the site of the village of Old Piqua (birthplace of Tecumseh, the Shawnee chief). It was established in 1801, named by the wife of Simon Kenton, an Indian scout. The arrival of the National Road supported its growth. The manufacture of farm machinery (several years of leading industry), started there in 1855 after William Whiteley invented a combined mower and self-raking reaper. The journal Farm and Fireside were published in the 1880s by P.P. Mast as a house organ, which developed the foundation of the Crowell-Collier publishing company. One of the primal programs of the 4-H Club movement of "learning by doing" for young people was started (1902) by A.B. Graham. George Harrison, Shull. He conducted his early hybrid corn (maize) experiments in Springfield, which is now the trading center for a fertile agricultural area. Manufacturers are well-diversified and include hoisting machines, heavy trucks, hydraulic and pump types of equipment, tools, and an array of metal products.
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