Located in the southwestern part of the state of Oregon and a city and seat of Jackson County, Medford sits on Bear Creek in the Rogue River valley. The city was founded in 1884 as a depot for the Oregon and California Railroad, the area was named for Medford. Massachusetts, which then grew as a shipping point for lumber and pears. Considered to be the heart of a resort region which includes Crater Lake National Park and the Oregon Caves National Monument. Pears, timbers, and tourism became the city’s economic mainstays.

Population 77,677  (17.10%)

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