Altoona is located in the central part of the state of Pennsylvania and a city in Blair County. It sits on the Allegheny Front’s eastern slopes, which is a segment of the Allegheny Mountains that has separated the Atlantic from the valley watersheds of Mississippi. It was founded in 1849 as a base for the building of railroads over the Alleghenies by the Pennsylvania Railroad Company. Its name was said to be derived from the Cherokee word “allatoona” or high lands of great worth. The area was established and developed to protect the local’s lead deposit that has been used by the patriot army during the American Revolution. Frankstown Path, a trail that connects Ohio and Susquehanna river systems, was built shortly after the area’s limits were extended to Pittsburgh in the 1800s. The establishment of the canal started the economic boom of the area as it opened the Portage Railroad, railroad cars were used to haul barges in a series of inclined planes going down the western slopes.

Population 45,796  (-7.30%)

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