Located in the eastern part of the state of Pennsylvania and a city in Northampton and Lehigh counties, Bethlehem sits on both sides of the Lehigh River and forms an industrial complex together with Allentown and Easton. The area was founded by the Moravian missionaries, and later on, received its name from a carol about Jesus Christ’s traditional birthplace. Bethlehem served the wounded American soldiers’ by treating the wounded during the American Revolution in the Old Colonial Hall, and the British prisoners were quarters in the town. The first pumped waterworks in North America started its operations in the city in 1754, and when industrialization started with the opening of the Lehigh Canal, it resulted in traffic in coal. Bethlehem’s economy has long been dominated by the Bethlehem Steel Corporation but eventually closed down its operations in 1998.
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