Harlingen is located in the southern part of the state of Texas and a city in Cameron County and is on the northwestern part of Brownsville, wherein the town forms a complex dedicated to industrial-agribusiness-port. The area where the municipality presently stands was founded during the early part of the 1900s and was named by its pioneer settler after the Netherlands city, Harlingen. The area was considered to be modern and well-planned and is in the center of an intensively cultivated agricultural region. It established plants for food-processing and is also a primary transport and distribution center for citrus fruits, cotton, and vegetables of the communities in the Lower Rio Grande valley. Port Harlingen is located along the Arroyo Colorado Canal, where the grain elevator, oil terminals, and other industries. The city's documents and artifacts that are related to its history and tradition were housed in the Rio Grande Museum.

Population 65,665  (11.60%)

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