Oshkosh is located in the eastern-central part of the state of Wisconsin and a city and seat of Winnebago County. It is situated along the west shore of Lake Winnebago on Fox River's entry point and is on the northwestern part of Milwaukee. The original inhabitants of the present-day area where the city sits were the Potawatomi, Menominee, Winnebago, Fox, and the Ojibwa Indians when the first European-French explorer Jean Nicolet arrived. The French fur traders were the most active in the area during the late 17th century, and the rivers and lakes served as an essential trading route coming from the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River. In 1818, the first trading post was established, and the permanent settlement started in 1836 when the Menominee Indians ceded their claims to the area.
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