Casper is located in the east-central part of the state of Wyoming and the seat of Natrona County, and the North Platte River. The area where the present-day Casper, originated around the Fort Caspar, is at the site of a pioneer that is in the crossing on the Oregon Trail and the Pony Express route. The fort was named after Lieutenant Caspar Collins, who was murdered by the Indians while trying to rescue a stranded wagon train in 1865. The area was founded in 1888 before the arrival of the Chicago and North Western Railway as a tent town and was then named as Casper, with a misspelling of Collin's name. The Salt Creek Oil Field in the northern part of the area then established the oil business of the town. Casper's economy was based on oil and natural gas production, as well as the manufacture of the oil-field equipment that is augmented by the mining and the cattle and sheep raising.
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